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美国空军希望用5年时间开创新型战斗机产业 (USAF Change Plans For Next-Generation Air Dominance Program)

Credit: Lockheed Martin

美国空军的愿景是以苹果制造iPhone的方式快速生产先进战斗机,并以秘密的“下一代空中优势”(NGAD)项目的重大修改作为开端。

The U.S. Air Force’s vision to rapidly produce multiple fleets of advanced fighters the way Apple makes iPhones begins with an important change in plans for the secretive Next-Generation Air Dominance (NGAD) program.

三年以来,美国空军一直在分析如何在2030年之前取代洛马公司研制的F-22战斗机。最初的计划是2017年发布的“空中优势飞行计划中的穿透防空的能力”,要求开发下一代F-X战斗机,以一种常规的方式替代F-22,且F-X战斗机会采用一系列令人眼花缭乱的新技术,包括自适应循环发动机、先进武器和新型传感器等。

For three years, the Air Force analyzed how to replace the Lockheed Martin F-22 by 2030. The original plan—defined as the Penetrating Counter-Air capability in the Air Superiority Flight Plan released in 2017—called for developing a conventional replacement for the F-22, with a next-generation F-X fighter featuring a dazzling array of new technologies, ranging from adaptive cycle propulsion to advanced weapons and new sensors.

随后,空军进一步对作为替代飞机的F-X战斗机进行了为期两年的分析,并于2018年中期得到近乎结论性的分析结果,即空军决定转向新的方式。这项新的战略导致在国防部3月份提交给国会的5年支出计划中,空军领导人将2024财年以前分配给NGAD项目的132亿美元预算中的大约一半经费给取消了。空军并未在五年内启动F-X战斗机的全面开发,而是正在开发一种完全崭新的飞机设计流程,当然还要同时继续购买洛马公司的F-35A战斗机和波音公司的F-15EX战斗机以及开展多型战斗机的升级计划。

As an extended, two-year-long analysis of alternatives neared a conclusion in mid-2018, the Air Force decided to shift to a new approach. The new strategy led Air Force leaders to drain about half of the $13.2 billion budget previously allocated to the NGAD program through fiscal 2024 in the Defense Department’s five-year spending plan sent to Congress in March. Instead of launching full development of the F-X within that five-year window, the Air Force is developing a radical new aircraft design process—even as spending continues on deliveries of Lockheed F-35As, Boeing F-15EXs and a host of fighter upgrade programs.

“我们正处于尝试新事物的好时机,因为我们拥有第五代战斗机的最新生产线[generation fighters]。而[And]第四代战斗机[are]也正在经历数十亿美元的重大现代化。”美国空军负责采购、技术和后勤工作的助理秘书Will Roper说。

 “We’re at a good point to attempt something new because we have hot production lines for fifth [generation fighters]. [And] fourth-gen fighters [are] going through major multibillion dollar modernizations,” says Will Roper, the assistant secretary of the U.S. Air Force for acquisition, technology and logistics.

领导新NGAD战略的Roper在接受采访时告诉《航空周刊》:“因此,现在是个好时机,我们可以在五年时间里尝试一些新事物,看看我们是否能[is]在建造一两架X飞机和在大型国防采购计划中建造1,000架飞机之间开创出一种建造飞机的新方式。”

 “So it’s a good time to try something new for a five-year window and see if we can create a new way to build airplanes for us that [is] between the building of one or two X-planes and the building of 1,000 units in a major defense acquisition program,” Roper, who is leading the new NGAD strategy, tells Aviation Week in an interview.

这条消息是Steve Trimble and Lee Hudson在Aviation Week & Space Technology发表文章的摘要。全文中讨论了有关NGAG分类计划的更多详细信息。​订阅者可以在此处访问完整的文章 (英文)。

This is an abbreviated version of an article that appeared in Aviation Week & Space Technology by Steve Trimble and Lee Hudson. More details about the classified NGAG program discussed in the full article. Login or subscribe to access the full article in English here.
 

 


 

As a subscriber to one of Aviation Week Network’s market briefings, your searches only provide you with access to articles from within that product.

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As a subscriber to one of Aviation Week Network’s market briefings, your searches only provide you with access to articles from within that product.

To find out about obtaining additional data – including the most comprehensive details on organizations, fleets, personnel and programs – click here or call +1.561.279.4661.


 

As a subscriber to one of Aviation Week Network’s market briefings, your searches only provide you with access to articles from within that product.

To find out about obtaining additional data – including the most comprehensive details on organizations, fleets, personnel and programs – click here or call +1.561.279.4661.


 

As a subscriber to one of Aviation Week Network’s market briefings, your searches only provide you with access to articles from within that product.

To find out about obtaining additional data – including the most comprehensive details on organizations, fleets, personnel and programs – click here or call +1.561.279.4661.