COVID-19: Middle East and Africa Market Update (W/E April 26)

Air Mauritius
The COVID-19 crisis has already pushed Air Mauritius into administration while South African Airways and SA Express are in business rescue.
Credit: Nigel Howarth/Aviation Week

Welcome to Routes’ weekly look at how the Middle East and African aviation markets are responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, helping you understand the schedule changes and manage the impact so we can navigate through this crisis together. Routes is part of the Aviation Week Network.

The data is supplied by OAG using its OAG Schedules Analyser tool unless stated. Please note: the COVID-19 crisis remains fluid as airlines around the world continue to make dramatic capacity cuts. OAG has taken several steps to ensure the data is as accurate as possible. 

Middle East capacity

After a week when total capacity from and within the Middle East nudged up by 0.7%, the OAG figures for last week (w/c April 20) show that the positive trend was only temporary. The number of departure seats declined by 7.4% to 1.5 million. In numerical terms that equated to more than 120,000 seats.

The lion’s share of that capacity reduction came in Saudi Arabia where the total number of departure seats reduced by more than 100,000, a week-on-week decline of 14.3%. Saudi Arabia has taken several measures to contain the spread of the pandemic, with the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the country now topping 18,000.

Lebanon also experienced a large drop in capacity last week. Departure seats fell from 30,000 to 5,864. This meant the country’s market was almost 84% smaller than during the previous seven days.



Middle East airlines



Saudia again offered the largest number of departure seats from and within the Middle East last week with 416,925 seats. This marked a 6.3% rise on the previous seven days. Air Arabia upped its capacity by 28% to 151,765 seats, while Gulf Air recorded growth of 60.9% week-on-week to 118,858 seats.

IATA has released a revised estimate that suggests airlines in the Middle East and North Africa could lose $24 billion in passenger revenue compared to 2019—$5 billion more than was expected at the beginning of April. Full-year 2020 traffic is also expected to plummet by 51% compared to 2019. The previous estimate was a fall of 39%.

“Passenger traffic has all but ground to a halt and revenue streams have evaporated. No amount of cost cutting will save airlines from a liquidity crisis,” IATA regional vice president for Africa and the Middle East Muhammad Al Bakri said.

In Saudi Arabia, IATA has forecast 35 million fewer passengers in 2020, resulting in a $7.2 billion revenue loss, while in the United Arab Emirates, there could be 31 million fewer passengers, resulting in a $6.8 billion revenue loss.


Africa capacity

Capacity across the continent nudged up by 5.6% last week, compared with the previous seven days, to 859,973 seats. Three out of four regions recorded growth. The OAG figures show capacity rose by 18.7% in Southern Africa, by 17.5% in North Africa and by 6.5% in East Africa.

However, there were more than 35,000 fewer seats in the Central/Western Africa region, meaning week-on-week capacity fell by 14.4%.

Looking at capacity by country, Nigeria recorded the biggest reduction in numerical terms last week, losing almost 30,000 seats. Egypt ranked second, with almost 25,000 fewer seats week-on-week.



Africa airlines

As with IATA’s financial forecast for the Middle East, the organisation’s estimates for Africa also make for grim reading. It found the continent’s airlines could lose $6 billion of passenger revenue compared to 2019, which is $2bn more than was predicted at the start of April.

Al Bakri said: “Airlines in Africa are struggling for survival. Air Mauritius has entered voluntary administration, South African Airways and SA Express are in business rescue, other distressed carriers have placed staff on unpaid leave or signaled their intention to cut jobs. More airlines will follow if urgent financial relief is not provided.” 

Air Mauritius was placed into administration last week as the ongoing travel restrictions made it impossible for the airline to meet its financial obligations for “the foreseeable future.” The airline had already suspended services until May 15.

IATA research also found that job losses in aviation and related industries could grow to 3.1 million—half of Africa’s 6.2 million aviation-related employment. Full-year 2020 traffic is expected to plummet by 51% compared to 2019.

It said South Africa would be hardest hit, with 14.5 million fewer passengers this year resulting in a $3.02 billion revenue loss. Nigeria will also suffer a passenger drop of about 4.7 million, while in Kenya the total will be down by about 3.5 million.

David Casey

David Casey is Editor in Chief of Routes, the global route development community's trusted source for news and information.