Lithium-ion batteries and cells, shipped in bulk by the millions in air cargo every year, pose a dual threat when it comes to potential safety issues: The devices are both an ignition source and a fuel source, neither of which is fully extinguished by Halon suppressant systems. The typical failure mode—a short circuit, followed by a thermal runaway—will quickly raise packaging temperatures to 1,100F, burning the cardboard material in shipping boxes and generating large amounts of ...

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