Aircraft Overview: Embraer Phenom 100/300
The Phenom 100 and 300 are twin-engine, light-category business jets produced by Brazilian manufacturer Embraer. Based on the company’s EMB-500 type, the Phenom 100 made its first flight on July 26, 2007, from Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil, and was subsequently certified by the Brazilian National Civil Aviation Agency [Agencia Nacional de Aviacao Civil (ANAC)] on Dec. 9, 2008, with the first delivery taking place on Dec. 24, 2008. Upgraded versions of the EMB-500 have been marketed as the Phenom 100E and 100EV, the latter of which is the current commercial designation of the type.
According to the ANAC’s type certificate data sheet (TCDS) for the EMB-500 type, it has a maximum capacity of eight persons, including up to seven passengers and a single required pilot. On the Phenom 100EV, those passengers are accommodated in a cabin that has a length of 11 ft., space that is supplemented by 70 ft.3 of “baggage and stowage volume.”
Mission and Performance
In addition to having differing dimensions and passenger capacities, the performance limitations of the types also differ, with the EMB-500 limited to a maximum operating limit speed (MMO) of 0.70 Mach and a maximum operating altitude of 41,000 ft. The EMB-505 increases that maximum altitude limitation to 45,000 ft., while the MMO is similarly increased to either 0.78 Mach—above 26,000 ft.—or 0.80, with the latter limitation possible above 27,600 ft. and on airplanes powered by Pratt & Whitney Canada PW535E1 engines.
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Based on the airframe’s maximum takeoff weight (MTOW), sea-level altitude and standard conditions, the Phenom 100EV has a takeoff distance of 3,190 ft., a figure that the Phenom 300E increases to 3,209 ft. in the same conditions. On landing—when at the maximum landing weight and carrying four persons, as well as at sea-level altitude and in standard conditions—the required distance for the Phenom 100E is 2,430 ft. The Phenom 300E has a slightly shorter landing distance of 2,212 ft., assuming an airframe carrying four passengers and National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) instrument flight rules (IFR) reserves, a 100-nm alternate, sea-level altitude and standard conditions.
On Air Charter Guide, August 2021, there are 80 Phenom 300 for charter including one 7-seater from FlyGTA Airlines.
Powering EMB-500 airplanes marketed as the Phenom 100 and 100E are a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617F-E turbofan engines, while the Phenom 100EV is certified to be equipped with PW617F1-E engines that can produce 1,730 lbf. of thrust. Comparatively, the PW535E1 engines that are approved for EMB-505 airframes marketed as the Phenom 300E are capable of producing 3,478 lbf. of thrust. The Phenom 300E’s 18,551-lb. MTOW is nearly double the 10,703-lb. limitation of the Phenom 100EV, with the respective maximum payloads—1,775 lb. and 2,637 lb.—following a similar pattern.