A version of this article appears in the August 25 issue of Aviation Week & Space Technology. The European Union is preparing to launch its first fully operational Galileo navigation, positioning and timing satellites Aug. 22, putting the 28-nation body in line to compete with the U.S. GPS, Russian Glonass and Chinese Beidou systems, even as it finalizes details of Galileo’s use. Developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) and owned by the European Commission—the executive ...


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