Six decades after a group of German rocketeers painted a fanciful Moon maiden on the first rocket to reach outer space, Europe is on the verge of sending a spacecraft to explore Earth's satellite and hopefully answer some old questions about how it was formed. Unlike Wernher von Braun's A-4 rocket, which burned alcohol and liquid oxygen for its short hop above the atmosphere over Peenemunde, Germany, on Oct. 3, 1942, the European Space Agency's (ESA's) Smart-1 probe will use xenon, solar ...


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