Six decades after a group of German rocketeers painted a fanciful Moon maiden on the first rocket to reach outer space, Europe is on the verge of sending a spacecraft to explore Earth's satellite and hopefully answer some old questions about how it was formed. Unlike Wernher von Braun's A-4 rocket, which burned alcohol and liquid oxygen for its short hop above the atmosphere over Peenemunde, Germany, on Oct. 3, 1942, the European Space Agency's (ESA's) Smart-1 probe will use xenon, solar ...


You must be a paid subscriber to access "Testbed Will Be First European Spacecraft to Explore the Moon".


Current Aviation Week Intelligence Network (AWIN) enterprise and individual members: please go to for access.


Not currently a subscriber? Click on the "Learn More" button below to view subscription offers.

Already registered? here.