As part of its general rearmament effort, Russia continues to enhance nuclear deterrence. Significant attention is being paid to sea- and land-based components of the nuclear triad. The growing defense budget (see p. 43) is enabling industry to make substantial progress in developing and fine-tuning strategic weapons. At sea, efforts are focused on the submarine-launched R-30 Bulava ICBM (SS-NX-30). The three-stage missile was developed by the Moscow Institute of Thermotechnics in 1988. ...


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