Name & ICAO identifier: Lagos Murtala Muhammed International (DNMM)

Coordinates: 6° 34' 38” N, 3° 19' 16” E

POE: Yes

Elevation: 135 ft.

Runways: 18R/36L, 12,794 ft. x 197 ft., asphalt; 18L/36R, 8,997 ft. x 148 ft., both equipped with ILS.

Slots: No, airport open 23/7; peak traffic afternoons and evenings.

Noise restrictions: No

Curfew: No

FBOs: ExecuJet Aviation Group and Evergreen Apple Nigeria, both full service. Additionally, the airport operates a general aviation terminal in the domestic wing of the main passenger terminal.

Clear CIQ at: FBOs and general aviation terminal

Parking: FBOs and general aviation terminal, space available; otherwise, aircraft will be moved to remote parking area.

Hangarage: Yes, ExecuJet Aviation Group

Fuel: Jet A1; seller: SO Aviation Fuel

Credit: Recommend fuel cards and prearranged credit

Maintenance: Yes, for most business jet types at FBOs.

Lav service: Yes, provided at FBOs and general aviation terminal.

Catering: Airlines (48 hr. advance notice) or local hotels

Fees: Landing, parking, handling. Generally, all fees can be credited to operator through handling service used.

Security: Airport is patrolled 24/7 and local security is considered generally good. Supplemental security (armed guards) is available for aircraft and passengers.

Ground Transportation: Recommend vetted transportation arranged by handlers, as crime levels in Lagos and greater Nigeria are very high and carjackings, kidnappings and road piracy are common.

Distance and driving time to downtown: 16 sm/25.7 km, minimum 1 hr. Surface traffic is extremely congested.

Remarks: Surveillance radar coverage under expansion in greater Lagos area. Crime levels high in Nigeria; exercise reasonable caution when on the street.

BCA appreciates the assistance of Universal Weather & Aviation and Landover Aviation in the preparation of this report.

Settled on an archipelago on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, Lagos serves as Nigeria's largest city, financial center and gateway to the country's interior.

While oil and other mineral recovery drives the Nigerian economy, Lagos is the repository of much of its wealth and the seat of numerous corporate headquarters, both domestic and foreign. It is also Nigeria's principal seaport — among the busiest in Africa — and, with a current population of 10.2 million people, one of the fastest growing cities on the continent.

What is today's Lagos originated on a collection of islands and sandbars at the mouth of a large lagoon emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. The islands and bars protect the lagoon from ocean storms, traditionally providing a safe harbor for the port. The city's central business district — marked by a forest of high-rise buildings — is located on Lagos Island at the opening of the lagoon. Over the centuries since the area was settled by warring tribes, the city spread to the mainland where today it accounts for the majority of Lagos's area and population.

Europeans arrived in the 1400s led by Portuguese explorer Rui de Sequeira, who is credited with having named the area Lagos after, it is believed, the Portuguese seaport Lagos from which that country's African expeditions departed. (Indeed, the name translates as “lakes,” possibly meant to describe the waterways between the islands and bars at the entrance to the lagoon.)

Four centuries later, the British moved in, annexing Lagos as a colony in 1861 and establishing control over exports from the region. Twenty-six years later, the British expanded their occupation to include all of contemporary Nigeria. It remained the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria from 1914, with Lagos as its capital, until 1960 when it achieved independence as a British Commonwealth country, and the capital was moved to Abuja, a purpose-built city in Nigeria's interior.

For much of its early independence, Nigeria was ruled by its military following a coup in 1966. Between 1967 and 1970, the new state was nearly pulled apart by a civil war when several provinces in the southeastern part of the country attempted to secede as the Republic of Biafra. Enormously costly in terms of lives and resources lost, the war aroused long-standing tensions among various ethnic groups and included mercenary soldiers recruited from Europe. After a stalemate that resulted in the starvation of thousands of Biafrans, the Nigerian military, backed up by British logistical support, succeeded in breaking up the Biafran Republic in two bloody offensives. It is estimated that more than three million people died — many as a result of starvation and disease — in the conflict.