The steady progress of smart rockets continues as area-fire 70-mm unguided rockets are upgraded into precision, laser-guided weapons that are a fraction of the cost and weight of existing missiles such as the Hellfire.
The laser-guided rocket (LGR) fills a gap between guns and other missiles. It is not expensive, because large stocks of 70-mm rockets exist and all LGR designs envision using existing tubes and warheads. The LGR needs little or no integration—all designs are intended to use existing launchers, and the laser-guidance packages require no special wiring, because the missile is fired in the normal way and immediately acquires the laser spot. Finally, rapid progress in electro-optical (EO) targeting systems means that even small and inexpensive EO turrets incorporate laser designation.
The guided rocket is considered an essential weapon for a number of new airborne platforms, particularly those based on commercial aircraft or older military platforms. The Iomax Archangel, unveiled at the Paris air show in June, is a good example. Developed for border patrol, it is based on a Thrust 710P crop-duster airframe, with underwing weapon pylons and an L-3 Wescam MX-15Di multi-sensor turret forward of the landing gear. It has glass cockpit displays and a mission computer supplied by CMC Electronics. The L-3 turret includes a laser designator, so integrating rockets is easy.
The U.S. Navy is working with a larger and more powerful platform in the shape of the(originally North American) OV-10G+, two of which are being evaluated at NAS Fallon, Nev., and other western ranges under the Combat Dragon II program. The original Combat Dragon was based around the A-29B Super Tucano, with the goal of getting a few aircraft into Afghanistan to support special operations and U.S. Marine units, but in the second phase of the program—according to Jim Hodgson, a retired OV-10 pilot who was a consultant for the effort—the Navy decided to look at the OV-10 because of its greater size and payload and helicopter-like forward and downward view.
The OV-10s used in the program have been fitted with new sensor/designator turrets and large-screen front and rear cockpit displays. LGRs are an important part of the concept. One of the OV-10's inherent weaknesses is its fixed armament of four 7.62-mm machine guns—“not much use to anyone or anything,” Hodgson comments—and the turreted 20-mm Gatling gun fitted to the OV-10D variant is heavy and complex.
Whether the program will continue remains to be seen. The OV-10 is still in service with some U.S. allies (including Colombia and the Philippines), but many airframes have been scrapped or reached the end of their useful lives.
' Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) II, is already in service with the U.S. , and has been used from Marine AH-1W helicopters in Afghanistan since 2012. More than 100 have been fired, and it is reported to have performed well. Now the rocket is being validated on fast jets. The test-firing was from an A-10 Warthog at Eglin AFB, Fla., and according to project manager Joe Stromsness, “impacted only inches away from its intended target.”
Firings were carried out between 10,000 and 15,000 ft. and into a 70-kt. headwind. They will be followed by a series of tests from A-10s andthis summer, and there are plans for firings from Navy AV-8B Harriers. If successful, the APKWS could be used operationally on fast jets in 2015.
Meanwhile, U.S. Special Operations Command (Socom) has awarded a contract to ATK and Elbit for their rival Guided Advanced Tactical Rocket, or GATR. This contract calls for validation on various Socom platforms, including thehelicopter. The penetrating version of GATR is equipped with a steel-cased M282 warhead with a programmable fuze. It can be set from the cockpit to detonate on impact or after a set delay. In tests, the warhead successfully penetrated a triple-brick wall and light-vehicle armor before detonating.
In Europe,subsidiary TDA is developing the RPM or Roquette a Precision Metrique (meter-precision rocket). After successful ground-to-ground firing tests, TDA has successfully fired the RPM from a Tiger HAP helicopter. Each RPM has its own laser code, so several can be fired simultaneously if designators are available, and the operator can select from up to five types of ammunition in one rocket pod. More firing tests of the RPM are scheduled for July, with possible deployment with the French army from 2018.
Turkey's Roketsan, meanwhile, is in production with its own 70-mm laser-guided rocket, the Cirit, which has been delivered to the Turkish armed forces for use on T-129 helicopters and also sold to the United Arab Emirates. Roketsan developed a low-smoke motor for the weapon that reportedly increases its range to 8 km from 6 km (5 mi. from 3.7 mi.). The company also developed a multipurpose warhead for the weapon.