DARMSTADT, Germany — The European Space Agency (ESA) orbited its Swarm Earth-observation mission atop a Russian Rockot launcher Nov. 22, sending a trio of research satellites 500 km (300 mi.) above the planet’s surface to study the magnetic field that protects it from cosmic radiation and charged particles in the solar wind. Liiftoff occurred at 7:02 a.m. EST from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia. At 100 min. after launch, ESA confirmed the three identical spacecraft were ...


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